API Reference

class feature_engine.variable_transformers.ReciprocalTransformer(variables=None)[source]

The ReciprocalTransformer() applies the reciprocal transformation 1 / x to numerical variables.

The ReciprocalTransformer() only works with numerical variables with non-zero values. If a variable contains the value 0, the transformer will raise an error.

A list of variables can be passed as an argument. Alternatively, the transformer will automatically select and transform all numerical variables.


variables (list, default=None) – The list of numerical variables that will be transformed. If None, the transformer will automatically find and select all numerical variables.

fit(X, y=None)[source]
  • X (pandas dataframe of shape = [n_samples, n_features]) – The training input samples. Can be the entire dataframe, not just the variables to transform.

  • y (None) – y is not needed in this encoder. You can pass y or None.


Applies the reciprocal 1 / x transformation.


X (pandas dataframe of shape = [n_samples, n_features]) – The data to transform.


X_transformed – The dataframe with reciprocally transformed variables.

Return type

pandas dataframe of shape = [n_samples, n_features]

Example Use

import numpy as np
import pandas as pd
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
from sklearn.model_selection import train_test_split

from feature_engine import variable_transformers as vt

# Load dataset
data = data = pd.read_csv('houseprice.csv')

# Separate into train and test sets
X_train, X_test, y_train, y_test =  train_test_split(
            data.drop(['Id', 'SalePrice'], axis=1),
            data['SalePrice'], test_size=0.3, random_state=0)

# set up the variable transformer
tf = vt.ReciprocalTransformer(variables = ['LotArea', 'GrLivArea'])

# fit the transformer

# transform the data
train_t= tf.transform(X_train)
test_t= tf.transform(X_test)

# un-transformed variable
# transformed variable